PANArt vs. an international group of Handpan Makers and Merchants – a chronological sequence of events since fall 2020 …


nearly all of this content/listing comes fromPAN LAB Vienna (with kind permission published here again) and was translated into english with the help of DeppL.

original article @ PAN LAB VIENNA [de]:

Recommendation: a very comprehensive chronological documentation of the history of the handpan with more than 600 entries, starting with the 1930s up to current entries can be found on the website of the HANDPAN TIMELINE PROJECT

The legal situation of handpans in general becomes clearly more than questionable due to a German court decision (PDF, ca. 50 pages, concerns copyright, applied arts).
Subsequent note: The defendant is at the time only unofficially widely known. The defendant also makes public statements on Facebook. The trader sells mainly imported handpans in Germany under several domain names and engages in extensive marketing on numerous channels.
Note: The judgment is not final (on appeal).

A letter from Dr. Achong (PDF) (Engl. / (German, , published by PANArt as an expert opinion, states that any external shape is conceivable and that the lens shape is an aesthetic decision.

The “Handpan Community United” (HCU) is founded:

The death of renowned steelpan researcher, physicist and universal genius Dr. Anthony Achong (8/25/1946 – 6/29/2020) is announced (RIP ,
Note: The WST Forum has an old post (2016) by Dr. Achong on the subject of “Hang” (“Dr. Anthony Achong Comments on the Pan-Hang Argument” ,

Open letter to the steeltuning community” (English) (PDF), published on the Facebook group “Handpan Instruments” (12k members) on 9/22 , created in collaboration of independent handpan manufacturers*, originally addressed directly to Dr. Achong. Because of the passing away of Dr. Achong now published without further delay and now addressed to the steeltuning community. However, all arguments and raised questions remain unanswered. The formally scientifically held contribution is torn by the half-official PANArt speaker Frank storm, on Facebook publicly in the air. Not a single argument is addressed (

A Spanish translation of the Open Letter /at appears shortly thereafter. (

PANArt publishes in the article “The History of PANArt” ( the sentence “The District Courts of Düsseldorf, Berlin and Hamburg issue preliminary injunctions against producers of Handpans. They have, in Hamburg after oral hearing, judged the Hang sculpture to be protected by copyright.”

However, as far as is known, these actions were actually directed against dealers and resellers and not against manufacturers. Details about the first two hearings are also not coming out to the public.

Musician duo Yatao addresses the threat (“The handpan should be banned”) at a concert in Berlin ( The Yatao Shop ( offers at the moment no more Handpans for sale because of an injunction by PANArt AG.


“The evolution of the handpan as a musical instrument” (English, (PDF) published on the blog of the handpan manufacturer “Soulshine”: technical considerations of a manufacturer in response to the court decision Hamburg. The arguments remain unanswered as far as known.

The court decision in Hamburg is not legally binding (the defendant retailer “World of Handpans” is appealing – with the support of HCU).

Newsletter of the HCU (Handpan Community United, is sent out.

An article about PANArt writes, mutatis mutandis: the small family business has to fight against industrially produced copies.
“Le hang bernois se vend aux quatre coins du monde” (frz) (
Discussion (shitstorm) about this on the Terre Nature FB page (

Fundraising campaign to finance lawyers of “Handpan Community United (HCU)” is launched (#savethehandpan) (

Numerous Handpan-related newsletters worldwide have now been sent out with the appeal for donations. The fundraising campaign has reached over €88,000 so far. Blogposts, videos, calls at concerts, comments etc.etc. are coming up, which basically reflect the call for donations under the motto #savethehandpan.

HCU Crowdfunding reaches €100.000

Russian supplier RAV releases a statement: “As of today, RAV Pans are not for sale for an indefinite period of time due to legal reasons and a decision of the Berlin court. The RAV Vast reed drums are available for purchase as always.
The reason for the ban of the RAV Pans is a copyright lawsuit by PANArt, which claims that the RAV Pans, which have a similar shape to the Hang®, are illegal copies (

“For more than 20 years, the handpan has gained more than 50 thousand fans and followers all over the world. A new musical culture grew up and brought together many people from different countries. There are more than 200 manufacturers of handpans and similar instruments in the world today, and unfortunately, most of them may be “outlawed” in the near future.⁠ Sorry to say that, but we are forced to make a decision to suspend the sale and production of instruments for an indefinite period.⁠ For our part, we will make every effort to resolve this situation as soon as possible.”

Subsequent note: As it turned out later, the aforementioned Rav-pans continue to be sold outside Germany.

PANArt updated their FAQ article eg: For which territories does PANArt claim a copyright on the Hang®? (
Frank Sturm posting and discussion (Shitstorm) on FB (

HCU Newsletter (
Court Ruling Berlin published (
Letter to “Ayasa” (shell vendor) published (engl) (

Video: Statement HCU Speaker at “HangOutUK Live November 14th 2020” (

Some attentive observers think to notice small changes on the FAQ article.
In addition, the Youtube video by Frank Sturm: “Felix Rohner is building a Handpan” might have been deleted some time ago (date unknown).

Apparently the whole Swiss Handpan scene, with probably one exception, gets a lawyer’s letter with the threat of legal proceedings, if the work with Handpans is not stopped until a concrete deadline (unknown). As far as known, Handpan manufacturers with earlier Mutual Agreement do not receive such a letter.


Newsletter of the HCU (
Protection letter of HCU lawyers (Bird & Bird) is published (German / English It seems that previously intimidated German handpan dealers and manufacturers are now resuming their work in Germany as normal. It also seems that hardly any of the big commerce portals want to do without the keywords “Hang” (legally protected term by PANArt) or “Hangdrum” (known to be infringing by PANArt, as such instruments are not meant to be played like a drum) (also affects “World of Handpans” – the dealer from the Hamburg court decision in 2020).

PANArt publishes a new article ( in which they again refer to their human right of copyright. Just a quote from it: “Even though I would prefer the out-of-court way, I welcome the discussion now in court about whether the work of Sabina Schärer and me enjoys legal protection against replicas or whether our work may be expropriated, as has happened in the recent past with works in socialist and dictatorial systems.”

American handpan maker Colin Foulke, in his role as HCU spokesman, tells of the latest developments in this video ( The threatened Swiss handpan makers have banded together in response to the Christmas lawyer threat letters and have filed a counterclaim(revised 3/17/21. Correct word:) “declaratory judgment action” under the protective umbrella of HCU. At this time it is unclear which Makers-including those outside of Switzerland-have received further lawyer letters threatening legal action if the work is not stopped. (The presumption is therefore that the “out-of-court route” cited above means shutting down without a fight). The attorney letters allow a short grace period until a date (unknown) by which production must be permanently stopped.

Colin Foulke, HCU spokesperson, speaks, “HangOutUK January Live Show 16th January 8pm UK GMT” (

HCU Newsletter – Counter-complaint brought by HCU (Bird & Bird) in Bern.:

Numerous Swiss handpan manufacturers and dealers received letters from PANArt’s lawfirm
Two new lawsuits filed by HCU at the court in Bern
Further funding required
“The goal of this lawsuit is to clarify once and for all that PANArt and its shareholders have no copyright in their instruments, and more importantly, that they have no claims against anyone else who makes, sells or plays Handpans. We are confident that the court in Bern will come to the right conclusion and find that there is no copyright and that PANArt’s claims are unjustified.”

Statement by Felix Rohner (PANArt) is published on Facebook (but remains “hidden” on the PANART website). The English and the German version differ at a striking point in the question whether producers or musicians should feel more threatened.


Colin Foulke speaks again about his role as HCU spokesperson, among other things:

We don’t know since when it’s been like this, but someone noticed it on 3/17/2021. The “Yatao Shop” in Germany has translated its website to English and currently sells Handpans only abroad “Unfortunately, we are currently not allowed to sell or offer Handpans in Germany. We are working on a solution(…)” . To this clearly in contrast:
With the Google- Keyword “Yatao Shop” you can find (at least if you search from Austria) the Google Adwords ad from the domain (“World of Handpans”, see court order above). Germany is supplied normally.

Seizure at “Ayasa” (dated 4/28/2021) becomes known.
PANArt updated FAQ post (at the very bottom, screenshot).

Handpan musician Benny Bettane posts publicly ( on FB that he is saddened that a seizure has occurred at Ayasa (“Panart has seized Ayasa instruments and some of the equipment, in an attempt to take them down.”). Benny also talks about his time with steelpan legend Ellie Manette: “When I first started to play handpan, I had the honor of living in Morgantown West Virginia, spending nearly every day for 3 months with Ellie Mannette (Father of the modern-day steelpan, RIP) I was blessed to hear so many powerful and inspiring stories about the steel drum history, these stories blew my mind, I also heard a lot of things about Felix causing problems in that world too. It seems that he has always been a trouble maker.”

The continuing flow of posts on social media on the subject of the seizure at “Ayasa” includes -as far as perceived- essentially widespread incomprehension, appeals for donations, openly dismayed letters to PANArt, calls for letter-writing campaigns, and a lot of spiteful cartoons and shitstorms.

The HCU crowdfunding campaign #savethehandpan reaches 142.000€.

For the live broadcast from the festival “HANGOUT UK” on 22.5.2021 is announced: “Colin Foulke will be giving an important HCU UPDATE” (

A recent HCU newsletter is published- focusing on the “Ayasa” seizure. (

The “Claims” (PDF, state that the Hang “…enjoys copyright protection in the Member States of the European Union, at least in the Netherlands.”
“Ayasa” is also to pay for the destruction of the confiscated handpan instruments.

About the declaratory action in Bern, the HCU newsletter also says: “Last week PANArt’s deadline to submit their statement of defense to the court of Bern expired. We have not received this brief yet which will contain PANArt’s counter-arguments.”

HCU reaches 147.000€.

WDR Radio report: “Wertarbeit oder Trash? Streit um Handtrommel vor Gericht”

Crowdsourcing Handpan History Timeline Projekt (engl)

Bloomberg Artikel “They Invented The Must-Have Instrument For The Burning Man Set. Now They Want To Kill It Off “ (

Online Panel Discussion With HCU Legal Representative Richard Dissmann.

Colin Foulke, David Kuckhermann, and HCU legal representative Richard Dissmann for a panel discussion about Handpan Community United and their efforts to defend the handpan artform.

PANArt publishes some history bits. Story told by Felix Rohnerählt

PANArt: Turn The World Around – A Peaceful Fight.
“… I see plagiarism of grave embarrassment!
Yes, we are in a fight…”
“….I speak, I play gu and ding, I sing…” (Rohner)
PANArt , Felix Rohner


HCU Newsletter: July 2022 – Table of contents:
Berne Copyright Proceedings Update
Dutch Copyright Proceedings Update
Patent Proceedings – A historic dispute now put to rest

URGENT call for Donations to be able to proceed + Upcoming Instrument Lotteries and Call for Donations

PANArt: Copyright: Update October 2022
“…we hope for a final decision regarding the copyright protection of the HANG in 2023.”

The Handpan Show: Episode 01 – Building And Defending The Handpan
– With Colin Foulk

The official schedule of hearings of the Commercial Court of Bern is published on the website of the Commercial Court of the Canton of Bern –>

It is pointed out that although the hearing is held in public, the audience seats are very limited.
“Only persons who have prior WRITTEN AUTHORIZATION from the Commercial Court will be admitted to the courtroom”.
as far as is known, all possible access permits (4) have already been issued.


Official main hearing days for copyright – PANArt vs. an international group of Handpan Builders and Merchants (mostly Swiss and Germans, one from the Netherlands), HG20117 – main hearing in limited proceedings, at the Bern High Court from 8:30am each day.
A ruling by the Bernese court is expected in spring 2024.…..

* The first decision of the proceedings will only deal with the copyright of the Hang, and not whether the handpans of the plaintiffs infringe this potential right.
* The scope of the possibly awarded protection would be determinative, but this would only be negotiated in a second step. The scope of protection is determined by the evaluation of the so-called “Threshold od Originality” (
* For the international group of handpan manufacturers and dealers involved in the proceedings, it is crucial in the first step that if a copyright is awarded, the scope of protection is kept “narrow”. In the best case, only exact copies would not be allowed…..

So the “Handpan” could even “lose” the first part of the case, but still “win” in the sense of the Handpan”… its a complex story ….





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